Bird protection area of Homoródszentpál



 

How to get here

This reserve is a beloved fishing place and it is easy to access. Coming from the town of Odorheiu Secuiesc to Feliceni, we turn left where a sign post indicates the direction to the fishing lakes. 18 km from here there are the lakes. The only point where one might miss the way is at the information board of the reserve in Sânpaul (click) where there is a junction. Here we must turn left.

Map of the road from Székelyudvarhely to the Bird Reserve of Sânpaul

Description of the area

The Bird Reserve of Sânpaul is located 16 km from the town of Odorheiu Secuiesc, in the vallez of the river Nagy-Homoród. This area, originally a reedy, salty, boggy marshland, due to a watertight layer of the soil now is, now is a Bird Reserve and a complex of fishing lakes. The nearby village of Sânpaul and its surroundings also have high historical importance.

This is an approximately 200 ha large habitat of birds, fish and mammals.

The area was transformed into a complex of fishing lakes between 1982 and 1984. 5 large and a few more small lakes house several autochthonous and settled species of fish: között alakították át a területet halastórendszerré. Az 5 nagyobb és néhány kisebb tóból álló rendszerben több őshonos és betelepített halfaj él: the Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio), the Crucian Carp (Carassius carassius), the Black Carp amur (Mylopharyngodon  piceus), pike (Esox lucius), pikeperch (Stizostedion lucioperca), the European Catfish (Silurus glanis).

Bird species have been registered since 1940: totally over 240 species have been monitored, many of them migrating birds and 63 species of resident birds. Some of the typical rare species: the Fish Eagle (Pandion haliaetus), the Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea), the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), the Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis), the European Bee-eater (Merops apiaster). This area is also the largest settlement of stork, more that 20 couples of white stork (Ciconia ciconia) nestle here.

Some of the typical amphibians are: the Common Frog (Rana temporaria), the Agile Frog (Rana dalmatina), the Common Spadefoot toad (Pelobates fuscus), the Yellow-bellied Toad (Bombina variegata), the European Tree Frog (Hyla arborea), the Edible Frog  (Rana esculenta). Some of the typical reptiles are: the European Pont Turtle (Emys orbicularis) and the Grass Snake (Natrix natrix). Being a varied habitat this is also optimal for the muskrat (Ondathra zibethicus), the weasel (Mustela nivalis) or the European Otter (Lutra lutra).

The flora of the area is also famous for rare species such as the Limonium gmelini, the Crocus banaticus, the Salicornia herbacea, the Pulsatilla nigra, and the Aster tripolium.

 

The nature values of the area combine with a specific historical background of the region, as close to this place there are the remains of a Roman salt-mine, as well as the remains of a twelfths century fort, which was a Hungarian border guard fortification in the Middle Ages.

The Fishing Lakes of Sânpaul are part of the Natura 2000 Homorod Bird Protection Area (ROSPA0027).

 

Natura 2000 is an ecological network of protected areas in the territory of the European Union which are selected according to two directives, the Birds Directive (79/409/EC)  and the Habitats Directive (92/43/EC). Accordingly there are two types of Natura 2000 areas: special protection areas for birds (SPAs) and Special Areas of Conservation to be designated for other species, and for habitats (SACs or SCIs). The aim of the network is to protect the biological diversity of Europe. The Natura 2000 areas are usually large territories that are not necessarily incompatible with human activities, but when there is a plan of infrastructural investment or a building plan, it has to be investigated whether the protected species and habitats are effected by the planned investments and destroying these areas should be avoided or the areas have to be replaced. Besides these restrictions, they support the protection and research of the Natura 2000 areas and ecological agriculture. Similar to these initiatives there are the agro ecology funds that can be called not only for Natura 2000 areas but also for the so-called agricultural areas of high nature value. (The largest part of Szeklerland is registered such.)

Kocsis László, Demeter László

 
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Zöld SzékelyFöld Egyesület
Térkép
 

 





 
 
 
 
 


Comments (0)




<< BACK